What is a cis woman?

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Gender is a complex and multifaceted concept. It can be defined as the set of social, cultural, and psychological characteristics that are typically associated with being male or female. One term that is commonly used to describe a particular type of woman is “cis woman.” In this blog post, we will explore the meaning of the term cis woman, what it means to identify as a cis woman, and some of the challenges that cis women face.

What is a cis woman?

Defining Cis Woman

A cis woman is a woman who was assigned female at birth and identifies as female. The term “cis” is a Latin prefix that means “on the same side as.” In the context of gender, it is used to describe people who identify with the gender they were assigned at birth. Cis women are therefore people who were born with female genitalia, were raised as girls, and continue to identify as women.

It is important to note that the term “cis” is not meant to be a value judgment or to imply that being cisgender is better or worse than being transgender. Rather, it is a neutral descriptor that helps to distinguish between different experiences of gender identity.

Gender Identity and Expression

Gender identity refers to a person’s internal sense of themselves as male, female, both, or neither. It is a deeply personal and subjective experience, and it is not necessarily tied to a person’s biological sex or their outward appearance. Cis women, like all women, have a female gender identity, and they typically express this identity through their appearance, behavior, and social roles.

Gender expression, on the other hand, refers to the way a person presents their gender to the world. This can include things like clothing, hairstyles, body language, and speech patterns. Cis women may express their gender identity in a variety of ways, ranging from traditionally feminine to more gender-neutral or masculine styles.

Challenges for Cis Women

Cis women face a range of challenges that are related to their gender identity and their place in society. Some of these challenges include:

Gender Discrimination: Cis women often face discrimination and prejudice based on their gender. This can take many forms, including lower pay, limited career opportunities, and unequal treatment in the workplace.

Gender-Based Violence: Cis women are at higher risk of experiencing gender-based violence, including sexual assault, domestic violence, and harassment. These forms of violence are often rooted in patriarchal power structures and the belief that men are entitled to control and dominate women.

Reproductive Rights: Cis women’s reproductive rights are often the subject of political controversy and are at risk of being restricted or eliminated altogether. This can include access to contraception, abortion, and prenatal care.

Body Image: Cis women are often subject to societal pressure to conform to certain beauty standards, which can lead to body image issues, eating disorders, and other mental health problems.

While the challenges for cis women are significant, it is also important to acknowledge the privilege that comes with being cisgender. Cis women benefit from a wide range of social and cultural norms that are based on binary gender categories, including access to gender-segregated spaces like bathrooms and sports teams, as well as the ability to participate in activities that are seen as traditionally feminine, such as wearing makeup or dresses.

It is also important to note that not all cis women have the same experiences or face the same challenges. Cis women who are marginalized due to factors such as race, sexuality, or disability may face additional barriers and discrimination.

One area where the experiences of cis women intersect with those of transgender women is in the fight for gender equality. Both cis and trans women face discrimination and violence based on their gender identity, and both groups are working towards a more equitable and just society. It is important for cis women to be allies to their trans sisters and to work together to dismantle the patriarchal power structures that harm women of all genders.


In conclusion, the term cis woman refers to a woman who identifies with the gender they were assigned at birth. Cis women, like all women, face a range of challenges related to their gender identity and their place in society. These challenges include discrimination, violence, reproductive rights, and body image issues. It is important to recognize and address these challenges, while also acknowledging the privilege that comes with being cisgender and working towards a more equitable and just world for all women, regardless of their gender identity.

What is a cis woman?
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