What happens if you throw Baking soda on a Fire?

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Fire is an important discovery that has brought humans a great deal of comfort and utility since the dawn of time. However, fire can also be dangerous and unpredictable, especially in situations where it is not properly managed. In such situations, it’s important to have the right tools and knowledge to control and extinguish the fire. One common household item that is often used in fire emergencies is baking soda. But, what exactly happens if you throw baking soda on a fire? In this blog post, we’ll explore the science behind the reaction between baking soda and fire and whether it’s a safe and effective way to extinguish fires.

What happens if you throw Baking soda on a Fire?

The Science Behind Baking Soda and Fire:

When it comes to putting out fires, there are a few different methods that can be used depending on the type and severity of the fire. One method is to use an extinguishing agent that can smother the flames and reduce the amount of oxygen available for the fire to burn. This is where baking soda comes in.

Baking soda, also known as sodium bicarbonate, is a common household item that is often used in cooking and baking. It has a variety of uses and benefits, including its ability to act as an extinguishing agent for small fires. When baking soda is heated, it gives off carbon dioxide gas, which can help to smother the flames and put out the fire.

However, it’s important to note that baking soda is not effective for all types of fires. In fact, it should only be used for small fires that are caused by cooking oil or grease. Using baking soda on other types of fires, such as electrical fires or chemical fires, can actually make the situation worse and more dangerous.

Why Baking Soda is Effective for Cooking Oil Fires?:

Cooking oil fires are a common type of household fire that can quickly get out of control. When oil is heated, it can easily catch fire and spread rapidly, causing a dangerous situation. Baking soda is effective for cooking oil fires because it can smother the flames and reduce the amount of oxygen available for the fire to burn.

When baking soda is applied to a cooking oil fire, it reacts with the oil and begins to produce carbon dioxide gas. This gas quickly fills the area around the fire, displacing the oxygen that is needed for the fire to continue burning. Without oxygen, the flames are smothered and the fire is extinguished.

It’s important to note that when using baking soda to put out a cooking oil fire, it’s essential to use enough baking soda to completely cover the fire. If the fire is not fully covered, it may continue to burn and spread.

Using Baking Soda Safely:

While baking soda can be effective for putting out small cooking oil fires, it’s important to use it safely and correctly. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  1. Only use baking soda for small cooking oil fires. Do not use it for other types of fires, as this can be dangerous.
  2. Always keep a fire extinguisher on hand for larger fires or fires caused by other sources.
  3. Never use water to put out a cooking oil fire, as this can cause the fire to spread.
  4. Use enough baking soda to completely cover the fire, but do not use too much, as this can create a mess and make it difficult to clean up.
  5. Be prepared to evacuate the area if the fire is not quickly extinguished.


In conclusion, throwing baking soda on a fire can be a useful way to extinguish small fires, especially those involving grease or oil. Baking soda releases carbon dioxide gas when heated, which helps to smother the flames and prevent the fire from spreading. However, it is important to remember that baking soda should not be used as a substitute for a fire extinguisher in the event of a larger fire or one that is spreading rapidly. Additionally, if the fire is caused by chemicals, electrical equipment, or other hazardous materials, baking soda may not be effective and could even make the situation worse. Therefore, it is always best to prioritize safety and call for professional help if necessary.

What happens if you throw Baking soda on a Fire?
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