What Is A Sacrifice In Baseball?

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An offensive strategy that is used by baseball players to advance runners is known as a sacrifice. The runners must be in a scoring position if they want it to be implemented during the game in their favor. As an offense, you never give up outs and avoid them because every out is essential. Sometimes a situation arises in the game where grabbing a run is important, so you take it at the cost of giving up an out. In this article, we will see about ‘What Is A Sacrifice In Baseball?’.

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What Is A Sacrifice In Baseball?

A sacrifice is an act that is not considered confirmed for serving its purpose. An offensive strategy consisting of sacrifice in a baseball game is described in detail in this article. Know more about this in the article below.

A sacrifice is an offensive strategy that is important to execute when you are willing to grab a run in return for an out. The sacrifice can be executed as a part of your offensive strategy in the form of a sacrifice fly, sacrifice squeeze, and the sacrifice bunt. When a batter hits a fly ball in the outfield or in a territory that is considered foul, and this enables a runner to score, it is called a sacrifice fly. The batter gives an opportunity of scoring to the runner of 3rd base in sacrifice squeeze. If a player succeeds in attempting to move a runner or runners with a bunt on one base at least, it is called a sacrifice bunt.

Type of Sacrifice in Baseball

  • The Sacrifice Fly

The sacrifice fly is not an easy-to-play thing in baseball. The first thing needed to execute it is that you must at least have a runner who is in scoring position. The runner must score directly as a result of the sacrifice fly. 

A scoring position is one in which the runner is on the 2nd or the 3rd base in advance to the throw of the pitcher. When this situation is visible, then the batter hits the ball in the air. The ball should reach the outfield in a way that the base runner gets an opportunity to score after tagging. The ball should be hit deep in the outfield; otherwise, if it is too shallow, then the base runner will get stuck in the same position. If the runner fails in scoring, then the out gets wasted, and this does not qualify for the sacrifice fly.

Two runners must be in scoring position for the sacrifice fly, and one of them must score directly due to the sacrifice fly. Runners are present at the second and third base when the batter hits a fly in the outfield and gets caught. What will happen now? If, in between this, the third base runner scores, then it will be a sacrifice fly, whereas if he is thrown at home, then it is a sacrifice.

  • The Squeeze Play

The batter gives an opportunity of scoring to the runner of 3rd base in sacrifice squeeze. This sacrifice increases the scoring chances. The runner is present at the 3rd base, and the batter bunts with the expectation of being thrown at 1st.

The sacrifice bunt increases your chance of scoring but a few other ways also sacrifice a batter while bunting. It is easy to execute if the batter is good at bunts and there is only one out. The batter might swing if there are no outs. The run does not count if you sacrifice with two outs.

Safe Squeeze Play

The third base runner waits for the laid-down bunt before home running in a safety squeeze play. Double plays are evaded this way, along with runs down of the third runner. A safe lead at third base is taken by the runner in wait for a safe landing of the bunt before going towards the home plate.

Suicide Squeeze

This is a very risky option to exercise. The pitcher is in windup when the third base runner breaks for home or stretches towards it. The batter tries to keep the ball down in play. If the batter steps the ball in play to a fair zone, then the only play to make is at first base, which scores a run.


The catcher can tag the runner if there is a miss of the pitch on the side of the batter. The ball gets caught if the batter bunts into the air, and this could double up the runner. Plate play chances are minimum if the batter gets the bunt down.

  • The Sacrifice Bunt

There is a difference that exists in the sacrifice technique named the sacrifice bunt and the sacrifice fly. The sacrifice bunt is not much a matter of chance but the execution of the skills. The second-base runner must have a close eye on the action going on in the field if the team wants the sacrifice bunt to be executed. 

The batter will hit a bunt down to the first base safely in a way that proves to be good enough in not putting the runner at second base in danger as he moves towards the third base. The batter does not need to beat the throw to first. That’s called a safe sacrifice bunt. Runner advances to third base due to the sacrifice of the hitter. If he beats the throw to first, then it is just a hit, not a sacrifice. 

This way, only the batter gets sacrifices, and runs are grabbed. If double play comes into question, then this approach was not successful. When two runners come into scoring position from first to second and from second to third this way, then it is a successful sacrifice. The opportunity of scoring increases this way.

Fielder’s Choice and Sacrifice Difference

The batter retires after a sacrifice, whereas, in the fielder’s choice, the fielder opts to throw your batter or your base runner out of the game. The fielder’s choice can affect the average of the batter, whereas sacrifice does not have any effect on the batter’s average.


Sacrifice is a vital strategic part of the baseball game, and when applied, it can create a good impact on the score of the game. Depending on the fact that which innings of the game are going on, it can change the game situation by affecting the score of the batting team. 

  • Who holds the record of the most sacrifice bunts in his career?

Eddie Collins has the record of the most sacrifice bunts in his career, which are 512 in number. He played from 1905 to 1930.

  • Who holds the record of the most sacrifice flies in his career?

Eddie Murray has the record of the most sacrificed flies in his career, which are 128 in number. He played from 1977 to 1997.

  • Who holds the record for the most sacrifice bunts in a season?

Ray Chapman of Cleveland has the record for the most sacrifice bunts in a season, which are 67 in number. He played this season in 1917.

  • Who holds the record for the most sacrificed flies in a season?

Gil Hodges has the record for the most sacrificed flies in a season, which are 19 in number. 

What Is A Sacrifice In Baseball?
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