What Is QAB In Baseball?

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The full form of QAB is Quality at bat. It is a statistical representation of baseball. Like other statistical representations in baseball such as OBP, OPS, etc. Quality at-bat helps to know what a batter did across a team goal at the time of the match. In most cases, quality-at-bat doesn’t create any highlight video of Sports Center. It also not made any front of a newspaper. However, it may become a game-changer. QAB is calculated by using the formula that is the total number of Quality-at-bats/Plate Appearances=Percentage of Quality at Bat. The topic of discussion is-: the definition of Quality-at-bats, the importance of QAB, how to calculate QAB in detail, the formula to calculate QAB, etc.  Let us know about what is QAB in Baseball and Four different processes to register QAB also the importance of QAB in this article.

What Is QAB In Baseball?


Description of Quality-at-Bats-: In baseball QAB or Quality-at-Bat is used to define the statistical representation of a batter about his offensive batting role in a match. It also describes how much valuable the batter is for the team. In QAB or Quality-at-Bat a plate appearance helps to find out the positive result or outcome of a batter. Although, it doesn’t exactly define how many times a player completed a run by reaching the bases. To find out the rate of percentage of QAB total number of Quality-at-Bats will be divisible by the total plate appearance of the batter. Using this formula QAB percentage will be calculated. The main thing is that Quality-at-Bats varies from one coach to another coach.

Different processes to achieve a good QAB

In baseball, there are a total of 11 processes by which a player can get a good QAB score. The ways are-:

  • When pitchers throw the ball more than 6 times and don’t get any strikeouts.
  • When pitchers throw the ball more than 9 times and do get a strikeout.
  • When the ball is hard by a batter.
  • Result of total plate appearances in a single walk.
  • The total result of plate appearances in a hit-by-pitch or HBP.
  • When the runner moves to a scoring position.
  • When the batter earns an RBI.
  • What is the run scored from a sacrifice fly
  • When the baserunner runs from the sacrifice bunt.
  • When the batter battles back after getting two continuous strikes.
  • When the batter earns a base hit.

The procedure of calculating QAB

Quality-at-Bat is a statistical representation of a batter’s positive outcome value means the batting average. However, there is not any actual formula or procedure for calculating QAB percentage. A good Quality-at-Bat includes so many strikes. A formula that is used to calculate QAB is the total number of Quality-at-Bats divisible by the total number of plate appearances gives the result of the Quality-at-Bat score and after multiplying the answer with 100 the percentage will be calculated. Let’s discuss it with an example-: if the total number of Quality-at-Bat is 10, and the total number of plate appearances is 20, the score will be .500, the percentage is 50 percent. It is regarded as one of the important statistics in baseball.  

Advantages of calculating QAB

Like other statistical representation, QAB is also an important stat in baseball. It helps to know the offensive outcome of the batter during a match for the team. Some other important of Quality-at-Bats are-:

  • It helps to know the development of hitters at home ground. 
  • It does not focus solely. It focuses on every batter and how many times each player or batter reaches the base. 
  • It also helps to determine the exact value of how many times the batter hit the ball hard or with great power. 
  • It helps to find out how many batters help the team win a match.

Four different processes to register QAB

The four different procedures of calculating Quality-at-Bats

  • Hitting the ball with power but getting no outcome: All line shots are known as power hits or hard hits. Power hit defines both groundballs and flyballs. Power hits force the outside fielders to pull back the ball.
  • Walk of drawing: Walk of drawing means “Money Ball” according to some experts of baseball “A walk is as good as a hit”.   
  • Execution: This includes several things such as Sacrifice, going towards runner to third, with less than two outs driving a home run, run and hit, squeeze play, etc. 
  • Counting of work: At bat that includes six or more six pitches is called quality at-bat, nonetheless the outcome.

Percentage of QAB is best

A batter is required to keep 60 percent Quality-at-Bats. Out of that 60 percent score, 40 percent score must come from power hits. However, this score is really tough to achieve for any player. The most common QAB score is 50 percent to 30 percent.

Let us discuss some examples of Quality-at-Bats

Some examples are

  • Play a beautiful sacrifice bunt that will help runners to run to a good scoring position.
  • Get a sacrifice fly and move the baserunner to give them a chance to score at home plate.
  • Walk.
  • When a batter scores a home run after getting pitches so many times.
  • HBP or Hit by Pitch.

Importance of QAB

Quality-at-Bats is an important stat of baseball. QAB sometimes doesn’t make a lot of impact on score card during a game, but it can be a game-changer. To understand the importance of QAB let us discuss it briefly-:

Assume that a baseball match was drawn 5-5 with score at the bottom of the sixth inning. A hitter was there to bat and on the other side, there is a runner on third base. The infield is playing back and if the batter hit a ground shot, then they can score a run easily. In this situation, the batter doesn’t play a simple shot and hit the ball hard, but gets a strikeout. It means that this is the only situation when the home team has a runner in scoring position for the remaining part of the match and loses the match with a score line of 6-5.      


QAB is a useful stat in baseball. It helps to know the positive outcome of a batter for the team. It is calculated by a formula that is the total number of Quality-at-Bats divisible by the total number of plate appearances. A batter needed to have 60 percent of the QAB score to be the best player for the team. However, the average QAB score is 50 percent to 30 percent. Some examples of QAB are-: Walk, HBP, etc.  


What Is QAB In Baseball?
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